By Catherine Byaruhanga
- BBC News, Kyiv
11 November 2022
Ukraine is not considering negotiations with Russia to end the war, its top prosecutor has told the BBC.
US media recently claimed that American officials had encouraged Ukraine’s leaders to soften their stance on negotiating.
But Andriy Kostin said Russia must be held accountable for the war it began.
He is looking to establish a special international tribunal, and reiterated demands for war reparations through the confiscation of Russian assets.
Mr Kostin also pushed back at concerns that the war is causing suffering around the world, and not just in Ukraine.
“People are suffering because of aggression of [Russian President Vladimir] Putin into Ukraine,” he told me at his office in central Kyiv – a historical building guarded by armed soldiers, with entrances blocked by sandbags, and the lower ground windows boarded up.
“They don’t hear missiles. They don’t know what is bombing. They don’t know what is killing, rape, looting.”
He acknowledged Europeans were paying higher prices for food and fuel but countered that “Ukrainians are paying for by their lives for the same struggle”.
“I don’t think that the issue of resuming any negotiations is possible,” he said firmly.
But despite Mr Kostin’s demand for an international tribunal, experts believe it will be difficult. Neither Ukraine or Russia are signed up to the Rome Statute that established the International Criminal Court, for example.
Regardless, Mr Kostin stressed the importance of international cooperation in collecting evidence and witness testimonies needed to build a legal case.
When asked about the mass graves found in Izyum in the Kharkiv region, he said there were signs of wilful killing and torture “in practically every village and every town”.
More cases are also emerging of rape and sexual violence against women and children. When Mr Kostin took over from predecessor Iryna Venediktova, there were 40 cases.
Now, he said, they are investigating more than 100 cases – including from Kherson region, where Russia says it plans to withdraw thousands of troops from the regional capital after occupying it for eight months.
With additional reporting by Hanna Tsyba