Written by Irina Mirochnik
President at IMMER GROUP
Published Nov 7, 2022
Summary update as of November 06, 2022
RUSSIAN WAR CRIMES AND HUMAN RIGHT VIOLATIONS IN THE WAR AGAINST UKRAINE
The use of weapons of mass destruction against civilians is a crime against humanity and a violation of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949.
By killing civilians, the aggressor’s forces continue to commit crimes against humanity as defined by the Statute of the International Military Tribunal and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, cynically disregarding all the requirements of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. According to these norms, deliberate attacks on civilians who are not directly involved in hostilities are equated to war crimes.
The taking of civilian hostages is a direct violation of Articles 3 and 34 of the Geneva Convention with regard to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
As of November 06, 2022, since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, 430 children have died and more than 827 children have been injured. Due to the active hostilities in affected regions, there is no possibility to inspect the areas of shelling and destruction.
In Ukraine, 2 civilians were killed in the past day on November 05, and 6 more were injured. This was announced by the deputy head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Kyrylo Tymoshenko based on the data of the regional military administrations.
During the 8 months of the war, Russian troops damaged 1,100 medical facilities. Of them, 144 were completely destroyed. The restoration of destroyed medical facilities is preliminarily estimated at over 38 billion hryvnias. This was reported by the Ministry of Health.
The State Environmental Inspectorate calculated the damage caused to the environment of the Mykolaiv and Odesa regions during the full-scale war. Today, the total amount of calculated damages is more than UAH 34.7 billion, of which UAH 11.8 billion was caused to land and soil, and UAH 22.9 billion was caused to atmospheric air.
In general, according to the State Environmental Inspectorate: more than 180,000 m2 of soil is contaminated with harmful substances; more than 2 million m2 of land is littered with the remains of destroyed objects and ammunition; more than 680,000 tons of petroleum products burned during the shelling, which led to significant air pollution; more than 23,000 hectares of forest were burned by missiles or projectiles – it will take at least 10 years to restore part of the forest areas.
♦ As a result of the actions of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, at least 50,000 dolphins died in the waters of the Black Sea.
♦ According to ecologists, the destruction of hundreds of thousands or even millions of wild animals is possible.
♦ More than 6 million domestic animals died.
☢ The capture of the Zaporizhzhia NPP by the Russian military creates a potential radioactive threat not only for Ukraine, but also for all of Europe. According to ecologists, in the event of an explosion, the area of the potential exclusion zone will be up to 30,000 km2.
Donetsk and Luhansk Region
On November 4, three people were killed in shelling by Russian forces in the part of the Donetsk region controlled by the Ukrainian authorities. This was announced by the head of the regional military administration, Pavlo Kyrylenko. Another eight people were injured. On November 5, the Russian occupiers killed one civilian in Donetsk region, and three more people were injured in the region.
According to the data of the Donetsk regional military administration, since February 24, 1,164 civilians have died in the part of the Donetsk region under the control of the Ukrainian authorities due to the full-scale invasion of the Russian army. 2,543 people were injured. At the same time, the authorities cannot establish the exact number of victims in Mariupol and Volnovakha.
Last day, the Russian army attacked Donetsk region 14 times. The occupiers carried out fire attacks on 7 settlements. The enemy used “Uragan”, “Grad” MLRSs, and tube artillery against the civilian population.
21 civilian objects were destroyed and damaged – 18 residential buildings, the administrative building of the town community, an utility structure, a car.
Kharkiv and Region
According to the Office of the Prosecutor General, it became known that on April 24, a 16-year-old boy was wounded as a result of enemy shelling in the village of Vesele, Kharkiv region.
On Saturday, November 5, the Russians shelled three districts of the Kharkiv region. This was reported by the head of the Kharkiv regional military admin- ?stration Oleh Synegubov. According to him, a 58-year-old woman who was injured the day before sought medical help in Vovchansk.
Humanitarian demining of liberated territories continues. During the day,
pyrotechnics of the State Emergency Service defused 2,241 explosive objects.
Today, November 6, a Russian anti-tank projectile hit a car. The driver, a 45- year-old resident of the Kupiansk district, was injured and taken to the hospital.
Mykolaiv and Region
As of November 6, since the beginning of the Russian invasion, 13,148 civilian objects have been partially or completely damaged in Mykolaiv region (+34 over the past day). This was reported in the regional military administration.
– housing stock objects – 8394, – medical institutions – 92,
– educational institutions – 387, – cultural institutions – 183,
– facilities of industrial enterprises – 186,
– life support facilities: gas – 983, electricity – 770, water – 30, heat supply – 96,
– other non-military objects – 2027.
Currently, 6,645 consumers remain without gas supply.
At this time, electricity supply, water supply, and drainage have been stopped in 89 settlements.
Dnipro and Region
Russian troops shelled Dnipro region again last night. One of the shells hit a residential building. A 9-year-old girl was injured and hospitalized.
This was announced by the head of the Dnipro regional military administration Valentyn Reznichenko.
On the night of November 6, the Russian invaders shelled three communities in the Nikopol district 8 times with MLRSs and heavy artillery. Valentyn Reznichenko also reported on this. Private houses, farm buildings, cars and gas stations were mutilated. In Nikopol, shells hit several buildings – high-rise and private. The furniture industry, the transport company, gas furnaces and power lines were mutilated.
Sumy and Region
Last day, the occupiers again shelled the border territories of the region. A total of 67 hits were recorded. As a result of shelling, 4 private houses were damaged, and 2 commercial buildings were also destroyed.
On November 6, 72 shells hit one of the communities of the region in one day. This was announced by the head of the Sumy regional military administration, Dmytro Zhyvytskyi. Damage to buildings and farm buildings was recorded. Electricity grids were damaged and gas pipes were broken by shrapnel. A local 62-year-old woman who was in the garden during the shelling was killed by shrapnel. Another local resident was injured.
Russian shelling damaged the railway infrastructure on the section between Sumy and Konotop. As Dmytro Zhyvytskyi reported, some Ukrzaliznytsia trains will depart with a delay and on a changed schedule.
Zaporizhzhia and Region
Russian military shelled 18 settlements in the Zaporizhzhia region. According to the Zaporizhzhia regional military administration, 19 residential buildings and apartments in the region were destroyed during the day.
On the night of November 6, the enemy made two more missile strikes at the re- gional center. Oleksandr Starukh, the head of the regional military administration, announced this. As a result of the Russian attack, a two-story building of a commercial enterprise was destroyed. A large-scale fire broke out. A 45-year- old man died during the shelling. Residential buildings and cars were dam- aged by the blast wave.
At night, Russian troops destroyed a large building of culture and sports in the center of Huliaipole, Zaporizhzhia region. This is reported by the town territorial community.