Today, the OPU told how they see security guarantees for Ukraine. It turned out that they are fundamentally different from the position of Kyiv in the negotiations with the Russian Federation in Istanbul in March 2022.
Today, September 13, recommendations on security guarantees for Ukraine were presented in Kyiv. Head of the Office of the President Andriy Yermak and NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen outlined the vision of the “Kyiv Security Treaty”, which will become a strategic document that unites Ukraine with the countries that act as security guarantors.
BBC Ukraine journalist Victoria Zhugan analyzed the main differences between the proposed security guarantees of the treaty and Ukrainian negotiating positions in Istanbul in March 2022. And here’s what she noted:
- March : Russia and China among potential security guarantors. – September : Russia and China are not listed.
- March : Ukraine promises to change the Constitution and guarantees not to join NATO. – September : The desire to join NATO is enshrined in the Constitution, security guarantees cannot be exchanged for neutral status.
- March : Security guarantees do not apply to Crimea and ORDLO. – September: The territorial scope of guarantees extends to the entire territory within the internationally recognized borders of Ukraine.
- March : A ban on the deployment of a foreign contingent in Ukraine, military exercises can be held only with the consent of the guarantors. – September : Joint exercises of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and partners on the territory of Ukraine with foreign instructors and advisers; guarantees should not exclude any form of support for the self-defense of Ukraine.
- March : For the start of the agreement, the Russian army must reach the limits on 02/23/2022. – September : Guarantors must refrain from lifting sanctions against Russia agreed since 2014 until Moscow:
- will not stop the aggression against Ukraine;
- does not guarantee that it will not attack Ukraine in the future;
- does not compensate Ukraine for the damage caused during the invasion.
As UNIAN reported earlier, at the end of May, Yermak announced the creation of a group to develop a format for security guarantees for Ukraine.
The group was headed by ex-NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen and Yermak himself. It included influential figures from different democratic countries of the world – Australia, USA, Sweden, Great Britain, Germany, Poland, France, Italy and Ukraine.
Recall that today, in the published version of security guarantees for Ukraine, the Office of the President did not mention India, China and Russia as members of the main group of allied countries and potential guarantors of Ukraine’s security.
“The treaty will unite the main group of allied countries and Ukraine. This group of guarantor states may consist of the United States, Great Britain, Canada, Poland, Italy, Germany, France, Australia, Turkey, as well as the countries of Northern Europe and the Baltic States, Central and Eastern Europe” , the message says.
What else should the Kiev Security Treaty provide for – read the link to UNIAN.
Negotiations between Ukraine and Russia in Istanbul
On March 29, the first round of negotiations between the delegations of Ukraine and the Russian Federation took place in Istanbul . During the meeting, the Ukrainian delegation proposed signing an international treaty on a new system of security guarantees for it.
On April 1, Lavrov said that Russia was preparing a reaction to Ukraine’s proposals for a peace treaty . The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry claimed that he sees “movement forward” in the negotiations, including with regard to the neutral status of Ukraine.
On April 2, the head of the Ukrainian negotiating delegation, David Arakhamia, said that Russia had accepted the draft peace treaty proposed by Ukraine in Istanbul orally – with the exception of the Crimea issue.