WHO Finds Production Infringements at Sputnik V Manufacturer

The World Health Organization has inspected four manufacturing sites involved in production the Sputnik V vaccine.Anatoly Maltsev / EPA / TASS

The World Health Organization (WHO) has raised concerns about possible cross contamination and insufficient sterilization checks during an inspection at a factory involved in manufacturing Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine.

In an interim report published Wednesday, the organization outlined six production infringements at a Pharmstandard plant located in Ufa — one of four sites the WHO inspection team visited as part of evaluating Russia’s application to have its homemade Sputnik V jab granted emergency authorization.

The WHO said it had “identified concerns with the implementation of adequate measures to mitigate the risks of cross contamination,” as well as “concerns with appropriate sterile filtration validation” of the Sputnik V vaccine. It also highlighted possible problems with the systems used to trace and identify individual vaccine batches and “concerns with … quality control activities.”

Pharmstandard said it has already addressed the WHO’s areas of concern. Though in a statement published on its website in English, the company said the WHO had highlighted only four specific concerns — not six, as cited in the WHO’s report published on the organization’s website. 

In a statement to The Moscow Times, the WHO said it inspected nine sites across Russia — five connected with the jab’s development and design, and four manufacturing plants. Most of the inspections were conducted alongside the European Medicines Agency (EMA).

Only the inspection at the Ufa plant has so far fell short of the WHO’s standards. “Findings from the other manufacturing sites of the Sputnik V vaccine that the WHO has inspected are still being assessed, but they have not raised similar concerns,” a representative said.

Pharmstandard did not respond to requests for comment.

Pharmstandard said the WHO’s findings were “technical issues, mostly related to one of the filling lines that have all been subsequently fully addressed.” 

It added that the plant in question is responsible for filling the vaccine fluid into vials, with the fluid itself produced at a different facility. The company claims the WHO “did not raise any questions about the safety and efficacy of the produced and finished vaccine,” nor did it “identify any critical issues with the actual vaccine’s production, quality, clinical studies [or] possible side effects.”

The company also reiterated Russian authorities’ claims about Sputnik V’s superiority to its Western competitors, saying “unlike some other foreign vaccines, Sputnik V is consistently demonstrating [an] outstanding safety and efficacy record in real-world use.”

No peer-reviewed data on Sputnik V’s real-world effectiveness has been published. Lab studies have previously indicated Sputnik V, like other vaccines, could be weaker at preventing infections with new, more aggressive strains of the coronavirus.

Russia is currently seeking authorization by both the WHO and the EMA for Sputnik V. As part of its application, both regulators have conducted inspections of the jab’s manufacturing sites. The WHO also confirmed Wednesday that it had taken part in a special ethics probe — a “Good Clinical Practices” check — alongside the EMA to look into the development and clinical trials of the vaccine. Neither the WHO or EMA have published information about the results of those inspections.

Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said Wednesday that Pharmstandard had already addressed and corrected all of the WHO’s concerns. The manufacturer said it has invited the WHO to return for a second inspection of the facilities.


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