Kravchuk refuted the Kremlin’s myth about Crimea: there was no gift
Kravchuk says that Khrushchev was met in 1954 by Russians in the Crimea with a call to take them away.Kravchuk called the real amount, which cost Ukraine a “gift” from the Communists / photo UNIAN
The first president, Leonid Kravchuk, denied rumors that USSR Secretary General Nikita Khrushchev allegedly “gave” Crimea to Ukraine in 1954. According to him, the peninsula cost Kyiv more than 105 billion dollars.
Kravchuk told this in an interview with blogger Ramini Eshakzai.
Kravchuk recalled that in early 1954, Khrushchev, accompanied by the press, came to the Crimea, when he was awaited by Russian citizens with a call to take them off the peninsula due to difficult economic conditions. Because of this, the Secretary General of the USSR immediately flew to Kyiv and told the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine Kyrychenko that the country must take away the problem area.
“Kirichenko says: How? We have plans! We can not. And the decision of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU to hand over Crimea to Ukraine was made. Politburo decision. But this is a closed decision. The Verkhovna Rada of the Russian Federation and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine were instructed to make a corresponding decision. The Verkhovna Rada of the Russian Federation has decided to transfer Crimea to Ukraine, and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine has decided to accept Crimea to Ukraine, ”the first President of Ukraine said.
Kravchuk stressed that there was no gift, but there were legal decisions of the Communists.
“There were no gifts, Ukraine even objected, because she knew what hard times awaited her. It was not just a kind of prosperous territory, it was necessary to equip and build a canal, “the ex-head of state said.
He also clarified that it is a question of expenses for construction of the channel, roads, public transport, in general infrastructure.
“It’s huge money. When I was president, I was told that in those days it cost Ukraine more than $ 105 billion. The same was spent from the Ukrainian budget. And every year a decision was made to provide Crimea with food, because there were many tourists. It’s not just that Ukraine received a rich gift that brought huge revenues. On the contrary, it was a costly area. And Ukraine coped with these tasks, “Kravchuk stressed.
He replied that now the Russians want to turn Crimea into a military base, “because, frankly, there is a lack of intelligence and opportunities to raise Crimea.”
Crimea went to the Soviet Union after the West’s victory over Hitler’s regime in 1944. After that, the Communists deported the Crimean people, Bulgarians, Armenians, Greeks, etc., and in 1945 abolished the status of an autonomous republic.
The peninsula was part of the RSFSR for less than 30 years. Crimea was ceded to Ukraine by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1954.
In 2014, Russia occupied the Ukrainian peninsula, holding a fictitious referendum there, the results of which are not recognized by the world. The Kremlin continued the USSR’s policy of persecuting national minorities. Crimean Tatars suffer the most from the occupiers’ power.
Moscow claims that in this way, having introduced its troops into foreign territory and established a puppet government there, it “returned its land.”