From the FB page of Mykolaivska oblast
With apologies for the vagaries of FB translation:
On May 18 in Ukraine and the world mention the victims of deportation of the Crimean Tatar people from Crimea in 1944 On this day, the first echelon of Crimean Tatars was sent from the peninsula.
Crimean Tatars deportation began on May 18, 1944 at 3 am and lasted until the beginning of June (the first and largest wave ended on May 20).
On this day, the Soviet authorities began deportation of Crimean Tatars, abandoning them mass desertion and cooperation with the enemy. Later other peoples of Crimea were accused of this. In fact, there is no evidence of ′′ mass desertion ′′ of Crimean Tatars.
32 thousand were involved in the operation. NKVD employees. The deported were allowed to gather from a few minutes to half an hour, allowed to take personal belongings, dishes, household inventory, and a provision of up to 500 kg per family. In reality, we managed to collect on average 20-30 kg of things and products, the absolute majority of the property remained and was confiscated by the state. Many cases of looting have been recorded. Within 2 days, Crimean Tatars were taken by cars to the railway stations of Bakhchisarai, Jankoy and Simferopol, from where echelons were sent to the east.
During the deportation of the general ′′ special settlement ′′ to Central Asia, more than 183 thousand Crimean Tatars were sent, for forced work to the Moscow coal trest-5 thousand, to the camps of the front reserve-6 thousand and as much to the GULAG.
Deportation had catastrophic consequences for Crimean Tatars in places of zaslan nnya. Over 30 thousand Crimean Tatars died from hunger, disease and exhaustion during the last year. Crimea’s farm suffered no less damage, deprived of experienced workers.
Over 20 years, the Soviet authorities completely denied the criminal nature of their actions. In 1967, the USSR parliament acknowledged the unjustice of total accusation of Crimean Tatars, but unlike other ′′ punished peoples “, they did not get the right to return to Crimea. Only 1989 the Soviet Parliament deportation was declared illegal and criminal.
Crimea annexation by the Russian Federation in February 2014 actualized the problem of fighting Crimean Tatars for their rights. On March 20 of the same year, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted Decree No. 1140-18 ′′ On the Statement of the Verkhovnaya Rada of Ukraine on the guarantee of the rights of the Crimean Tatar people in the warehouse of the Ukrainian State “, which recognized the Crimean Tatars as the indigenous people of Ukraine and guaranteed their right to self-determination in the warehouse Of Ukraine.
Only during the first year after the 2014 annexation, more than 150 Crimean Tatars were subjected to ′′ selective justice “, 21 disappeared without known or was murdered, and Majlis was deprived of both premises and opportunities to engage in dialogue with State bodies, the so-called ′′ Republic of Crimea “. It is necessary to state that in the seventh year of annexation of the Crimea, the persecution of the Crimean Tatar people by the Russian occupation administration has only increased.
Under such conditions, honoring the memory of the victims of the deportation of the Crimean Tatar people and demonstrating solidarity in the struggle to restore their rights is important at the domestic and international levels.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine by Decision No. 792-UIII ′′ On recognition of the genocide of the Crimean Tatar people ′′ recognized deportation from Crimea of Tatars in 1944 as the genocide for the Crimean Tatars. The Ukrainian Parliament said that systemic pressure on the Crimean Tatar people, repression of Ukrainian citizens by national indication, organization of ethnic and politically motivated persecution of Crimean Tatars, their bodies such as the Crimean Tatars Majlis and the Kurultai of the Crimean people, on the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine by the Russian authorities The Federation, starting from the date of the beginning of the temporary occupation, is a conscious policy of the ethnocide of the Crimean Tatar people.
Today, on the day of memory, we stand in solidarity with the Crimeans. The events of the 44th year are not only the tragedy of the Crimeans. The genocide of the Crimean Tatar people is a sad page in the history of the entire Ukrainian people.
The pain of Crimean Tatars is the pain of Ukrainians.