Article by: Olena MakarenkoEdited by: Michael Garrood
It’s the sixth year of the war in eastern Ukraine, and events there are disappearing from both Ukrainian and international media coverage. The trend has several reasons, but the lack of coverage is in stark contrast to the ongoing war. Andriy Dubchak is a journalist who set himself the task of showing the true picture of Donbas to a wider audience. To achieve this, he launched a crowdfunding campaign for his media, Donbas Frontliner.
Andriy Dubchak came to journalism from the world of IT. Being familiar with new technologies, he became the first streamer at the Euromaidan Revolution. He also held video streams from all the key events of the Revolution. Later, he covered Russia’s occupation of Crimea in 2014. Realizing the power of photography, Andriy started to pay more attention to it. Since 2016, he has been covering the Donbas war extensively and is known for his series of photo reports from there.
“I don’t like war and killings. On the contrary: I love people. They and their emotions are always in the center of my reports and photography. However, in spite of our desires, the Russian-Ukrainian war is ongoing, and we have to do something with it.”
With these thoughts in mind, Dubchak decided to act and created the project Donbas Frontliner.
In a conversation with Euromaidan Press, the journalist points at the changes in coverage of the Donbas situation which have happened during the last six years.
First and foremost, the number of reporters on the frontline has dropped greatly.
“At present, there are almost no reporters there,” Dubchak says, offering an example of the escalation which took place on 18 February last year in Luhansk Oblast.
“Russian-controlled armed forces attacked and attempted to seize positions held by the Armed Forces of Ukraine near the village of Orikhove. Artillery duels thundered around the villages of Zolote-4, Orikhove, and Novotoshkivka. According to the Joint Forces Operation headquarters, more than 400 shells with a caliber forbidden by the Minsk Protocols were fired. Some sources said there were more than 1,500 shells fired in both directions. We arrived a day and a half later and we were the first reporters to cover the situation … Can you imagine?”
Dubchak names the following reasons why the number of frontline reporters decreased:
- Lack of a “capturing image.” “Positional warfare is not spectacular,” Dubchak explains;
- War fatigue amongst both Ukrainian and international audiences. The frontline reports do not attract the attention of media audiences;
- The inability of the reporters themselves to tell the story using new formats and work interactively;
- Burnout and post-traumatic stress disorder suffered by frontline reporters;
- The high cost of reporting.
“Equipment, protection, transport, gasoline, clothes, housing, food, and you also need to earn something, because the family is at home. Imagine that you and your friend are planning a month-long trip from one side of the US to another, sometimes driving off-road.
During the trip, you need to sleep somewhere, to eat, and to rest. Imagine the approximate cost of it? And this is only for logistics! Also, there is a need for high-quality modern photo-video equipment, powerful laptops to work right in the car, means of communication, bulletproof vests, and hiking clothes and equipment, so as not to freeze in the trench, where you got for a long time by sudden shelling in the winter at -20°C. All of it should be taken into account not only for making a good report but sometimes for surviving.”
One of Dubchak’s aims with his work is to actively involve a social media audience.
“There are just a few volunteers at the frontline who cover this niche. For soldiers, it is forbidden. Reporters who are still on the frontline usually work in a stereotyped way for Ukrainian TV audiences. Sometimes even for pro-Russian channels, covertly. But what about the audience of social networks? These are mostly people who have a more proactive lifestyle than TV audiences and these people are able to change the situation. Today they have very little information from the front.”
Dubchak provides another example from his last trip to Zolote-4 at the beginning of January 2021.
“There is an intensification of hostilities, but there are no reports on social networks, nor in the mass media. I was there, took pictures, talked to locals, wrote a post. And after this publication, almost two weeks after the shelling itself, a case of a large-caliber bullet hitting a child’s bed was eventually registered by the Joint Centre for Control and Coordination on ceasefire and stabilization of the demarcation line staff. Will it change anything in general? I don’t know. But thanks to the report, information about it is available to the general public and it is noted by official structures.”
Another obstacle to accurate reporting reaching a wider audience is propaganda.
“You can talk about ‘whose propaganda is better,’ but it’s definitely not about reporting. Reporters must broadcast reality as truthfully as possible, that is their function. And if they are not at the front, then who to trust? Where to get reliable information?”
Dubchak stresses that the information war always precedes armed war. He is confident that informational zombification and deformation of reality can be prevented only by telling the truth.
“And that is what Donbas Frontliner is dealing with.”
With his media, Dubchak also plans to cover the situation in the regions where the risks of dangerous developments are high, like Mykolayiv, Kherson, Zaporizhzhia, Dnipropetrovsk, and Kharkiv Oblasts.
The journalist promises to make his project easy for readers, in a unique visual format.
Find the details about the project here.
See Andriy Dubchak’s photos on Instagram.
We have translated one of Dubchak’s photo reports:
Photo report: disengagement of troops in Zolote-4 & “grey zone” in Katerynivka, Luhansk Oblast
I wish this guy all the luck in the world. It’s a shame that Ukraine don’t have mainstream media willing to fight the propaganda onslaught from the nazis next door. I have put a link to the guys website in the sidebar, he deserves all the support we can give him.
Good work. We will get his work on our Reader page which will go out to more than 400 other Word Press sites.
‘With his media, Dubchak also plans to cover the situation in the regions where the risks of dangerous developments are high, like Mykolayiv, Kherson, Zaporizhzhia, Dnipropetrovsk, and Kharkiv Oblasts.’
This is what I have been saying for years. Add Odessa and Bessarabia to that list too. Which is why the defenders, outmatched and outgunned, are still easy prey to a huge fascist power with unlimited resources and capabilities to wage war. The defenders have huge swathes of land and coast to protect. The job could still barely be done adequately if the armed forces were twice what they are now. Which is why the Budapest signatories need to step up to the plate. Much easier to keep the scum out rather have to drive them out after the event. The rodent could start getting dangerous if Nav and his friends kick off and cause his popularity to go into critical decline.
In 1982, Argentina was ruled by a filthy fascist junta. The economy was up shit creek and the people were getting ready for an uprising. What to do? Appeal to their nationalism of course. Despite the Falklands being British before Argentina even existed and there being no indigenous population before the British, the junta decided to invade, claiming the islands were theirs. British intel failed and we were caught completely off guard. The result being that Maggie had to launch a long range war to get the islands back. We haven’t learned our lesson: I am not sure if our navy would even have the capability to undertake a similar task now if asked.
Igitur qui desiderat pacem, preparet bellum: If you want peace, prepare for war.
The Argies don’t have the ability to launch such an invasion now. Their military has been falling apart from from neglect since they lost to the UK 39 years ago.
“Dubchak names the following reasons why the number of frontline reporters decreased:”
Maybe another reason is that there is a naive clown as president and he doesn’t want to anger the Kremlin rug rat with such news reports?