Gas transit to Europe via Ukraine in 2020 decreased by 38%, – OGTSU
Volumes of gas transportation from Europe to Ukraine increased by 12%.
In 2020, gas transit to Europe through the Ukrainian gas transportation system amounted to 55.8 billion cubic meters. m, which is 38% less than in 2019.
“In 2020, the GTS Operator of Ukraine (OGTSU) transported 55.8 billion cubic meters of gas to Europe (-38% compared to 2019). The volume of gas transportation from Europe to Ukraine for the same period amounted to 15.9 billion cubic meters. (+ 12% compared to 2019), “- said in a statement.
The key factors in reducing transit to Europe were the launch of new gas pipelines bypassing Ukraine, as well as the reduction in demand for natural gas in the EU and significant gas reserves in European underground storage facilities.
“The transit agreement with Gazprom provides for the reservation of capacity in the amount of 65 billion cubic meters (178 million cubic meters / day) in 2020 and 40 billion cubic meters (110 million cubic meters / day) in 2021-2024. Last year, transit amounted to 14% less (or 9.2 billion cubic meters) than provided for in the agreement, while Gazprom has already paid in full for the entire amount of capacity ordered under the contract, which provides for the condition of “swing or pay”, – said the GTSU operator. .
The average daily volume of transit since the beginning of the year amounted to 153 million cubic meters. m per day, and in December increased to 183 million cubic meters. m per day at the expense of capacity for gas transportation to European countries ordered through auction platforms.
51.9 billion cubic meters were transit in the western direction. m of gas (-32%). In particular, in Poland – 3.8 billion cubic meters. m, Slovakia – 38.5 billion cubic meters. m, Hungary – 9.6 billion cubic meters. m
In the southern direction, transit amounted to 3.9 billion cubic meters. m (-70%). Of these, 0.9 billion cubic meters. m – in Romania and 3.0 billion cubic meters. m – to Moldova.
Gas transportation from Europe to Ukraine at the request of OGTSU customers amounted to 15.9 billion cubic meters. m, which is 12% more than in 2019 and 27% more than the average of the corresponding periods in 2016-18.
In 2020, imports from Slovakia totaled 10.2 billion cubic meters. m (+ 11% compared to the same period last year), from Hungary – almost 4.2 billion cubic meters. m (+ 14%), from Poland – almost 1.5 billion cubic meters. m (+ 3%). In particular, virtual reverse (backhaul), which first became available in early 2020, imported 45%.
Since the beginning of the year, 10.1 billion cubic meters have been sent to underground storage facilities for customs warehousing. m of imported volumes. Of these, 60% (or 6.1 billion cubic meters) came in the mode of “shorthaul – customs warehouse” and 40% (4.0 billion cubic meters) in the mode of “border – customs warehouse”. In November, the phase of active selection of gas from the customs warehouse and its further transportation to the EU countries (0.3 billion cubic meters) began.
A total of 82 traders ordered gas transportation from the EU to Ukraine in January-December, including 52 Ukrainian companies and 30 foreign ones. More than fifty companies, most of which are non-residents, used the short-haul and customs warehousing services.