Former Russian presidents will soon be able to freely violate the Criminal Code. Here is an incomplete list of crimes for which Medvedev (and someday Putin) cannot be tried.

A bill on guarantees of immunity of the former president was submitted to the State Duma. It will bring the federal law into line with the latest version of the Russian Constitution (adopted by a vote in the summer of 2020). The document not only complicates the procedure for depriving the former president of immunity, but actually allows the former head of state to commit some crimes after his resignation.

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After the adoption of this bill, both the current and the former president can only be deprived of immunity for grave and especially grave crimes. That is, all crimes of small and medium gravity, committed by the former president of Russia, will remain unpunished. Meduza reread the Criminal Code and wrote out most of the crimes that could theoretically get away with Dmitry Medvedev and Vladimir Putin. Moreover, we are talking about both past and future deeds.DETERMINATION OF SEVERITY IN THE CRIMINAL CODE

Crimes against life and health

  • Murder committed in passion (v. 107)
  • Murder committed in excess of the limits of necessary defense (Article 108)
  • Causing death by negligence (Article 109)
  • Driving a person to suicide or attempted suicide (part 1 of article 110)
  • Inclination to commit suicide (part 1 and part 3 of Art. 110¹)
  • Facilitating suicide (art.110 parts 2 and 3)
  • Intentional infliction of medium-gravity harm to health (Article 112)
  • Infliction of grave or moderate harm to health in a state of passion (Article 113)
  • Causing serious or moderate harm to health when the limits of necessary defense are exceeded (Article 114)
  • Intentional infliction of slight harm to health (Article 115)
  • Beating (Art. 116)
  • Torment (part 1 of article 117)
  • Causing grievous bodily harm through negligence (Article 118)
  • Threats with murder or grievous bodily harm (Article 119)
  • Coercion to remove human organs or tissues for transplantation (Article 120)
  • Infection with a venereal disease (Art. 121)
  • Infection with HIV (part 1, part 2 and part 4 of article 122)
  • Obstruction of the provision of medical care (art.124¹)
  • Leaving in danger (Art. 125)

Crimes against freedom, honor and dignity of the person

  • Kidnapping (part 1 of article 126)
  • Illegal deprivation of liberty (part 1 and part 2 of article 127)
  • Use of slave labor (Part 1 of Art. 127²)
  • Libel (art. 128¹)

Crimes against sexual inviolability and sexual freedom of the person

  • Compulsion to conduct of a sexual nature (Article 133)
  • Sexual intercourse and other actions of a sexual nature with a person under the age of sixteen (part 1 of article 134)
  • Depraved actions (part 1 of article 135)

Crimes against constitutional human and civil rights and freedoms

  • Discrimination (art. 136)
  • Violation of privacy (art. 137)
  • Violation of secrecy of correspondence, telephone conversations, postal, telegraph or other messages (Article 138)
  • Illegal circulation of special technical means intended for secretly obtaining information (Article 138¹)
  • Violation of the inviolability of the home (Article 139)
  • Obstruction of the exercise of electoral rights or the work of election commissions (Art. 141)
  • Violation of the procedure for financing the election campaign (Article 141¹)
  • Illegal issuance and receipt of a ballot paper, a ballot paper for a referendum, a ballot paper for an all-Russian vote (Art. 142²)
  • Obstruction of the legitimate professional activities of journalists (parts 1 and 2 of article 144)
  • Violation of copyright and related rights (part 1 and part 2 of article 146)
  • Infringement of inventive and patent rights (Art. 147)
  • Violation of the right to freedom of conscience and religion (Article 148)
  • Obstruction of a meeting, meeting, demonstration, procession, picketing or participation in them (Art. 149)

Crimes against family and minors

  • Involvement of a minor in the commission of a crime (part 1 of article 150)
  • Involvement of a minor in the commission of antisocial acts (part 1 and part 2 of article 151)
  • Retail sale of alcoholic products to minors (Article 151¹)
  • Involvement of a minor in the commission of acts that pose a danger to the life of a minor (Art. 151²)
  • Substitution of a child committed from mercenary or other base motives (Article 153)
  • Illegal adoption (adoption) (Article 154)
  • Failure to fulfill the duties of raising a minor (Article 156)
  • Failure to pay funds for the maintenance of children or disabled parents (Art. 157)

Property crimes

  • Theft (part 1 and part 2 of article 158)
  • Fraud (part 1, part 2 and part 5 of article 159)
  • Credit fraud (part 1 and part 2 of Art.159¹)
  • Fraud in receiving payments (part 1 and part 2 of Art. 159²)
  • Fraud using electronic means of payment (part 1 and part 2 of Art. 159³)
  • Fraud in the field of insurance (part 1 and part 2 of article 159⁵)
  • Fraud in the field of computer information (parts 1 and 2 of article 159⁶)
  • Misappropriation or waste (part 1 and part 2 of article 160)
  • Robbery (part 1 of article 161)
  • Extortion (part 1 of article 163)
  • Causing property damage by deception or breach of trust (Article 165)
  • Unlawful seizure of a car or other vehicle without the purpose of theft (part 1 of article 166)
  • Intentional destruction or damage to property (Article 167)
  • Destruction or damage to property by negligence (Article 168)

Crimes in the field of economic activity

  • Illegal business (art. 171)
  • Production, purchase, storage, transportation or sale of goods and products without labeling and (or) applying information provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation (part 1, part 1¹, part 3 and part 5 of article 171¹)
  • Illegal organization and conduct of gambling (parts 1 and 2 of Art. 171²)
  • Illegal production and (or) circulation of ethyl alcohol, alcoholic and alcohol-containing products (Art. 171³)
  • Illegal retail sale of alcoholic and alcohol-containing food products (Article 171⁴)
  • Illegal banking (part 1 of article 172)
  • Illegal formation (creation, reorganization) of a legal entity (Art. 173¹)
  • Illegal use of documents for the formation (creation, reorganization) of a legal entity (Art. 173²)
  • Legalization (laundering) of funds or other property acquired by other persons in a criminal way (part 1, part 2 and part 3 of article 174)
  • Legalization (laundering) of funds or other property acquired by a person as a result of a crime (part 1, part 2 and part 3 of article 174 ст)
  • Acquisition or sale of property, knowingly obtained by criminal means (part 1 and part 2 of article 175)
  • Unlawful receipt of a loan (Article 176)
  • Malicious evasion of accounts payable (Article 177)
  • Restriction of competition (part 1 of article 178)
  • Coercion to complete a transaction or to refuse to complete it (part 1 of article 179)
  • Illegal use of means of individualization of goods (works, services) (part 1, part 2 and part 3 of article 180)
  • Illegal receipt and disclosure of information constituting commercial, tax or banking secrets (part 1, part 2 and part 3 of article 183)
  • Unlawful influence on the result of an official sports competition or spectacular commercial competition (part 1 of article 184)
  • Market manipulation (part 1 of article 185³)
  • Unlawful use of insider information (part 1 of article 185⁶)
  • Illegal export from the Russian Federation or transfer of raw materials, materials, equipment, technologies, scientific and technical information, illegal performance of work (provision of services) that can be used to create weapons of mass destruction, weapons and military equipment (parts 1 and 2 Article 189)
  • Illegal circulation of amber, jade or other semi-precious stones, precious metals, precious stones or pearls (part 1, part 2, part 4 of article 191)
  • Acquisition, storage, transportation, processing for the purpose of marketing or sale of knowingly illegally harvested timber (Article 191¹)
  • Conducting currency transactions to transfer funds in foreign currency or the currency of the Russian Federation to the accounts of non-residents using forged documents (part 1 and part 2 of article 193¹)
  • Evasion of payment of customs payments levied from an organization or an individual (parts 1 and 2 of article 194)
  • Smuggling of cash and (or) monetary instruments (Art. 200¹)
  • Smuggling of alcoholic beverages and (or) tobacco products (part 1 of Art. 200²)

Crimes against the interests of service in commercial and other organizations

  • Commercial bribery (part 1, part 2, part 5 and part 6 of Art.204)
  • Mediation in commercial bribery (part 1 and part 2 of Art.204¹)
  • Petty commercial bribery (Article 204²)

Public Safety Crimes

  • Public calls for terrorist activities, public justification of terrorism or propaganda of terrorism (Part 1 of Art. 205²)
  • Failure to report a crime (art. 205⁶)
  • Knowingly false reporting of an act of terrorism (part 1 and part 2 of article 207)
  • Public dissemination of knowingly false information about circumstances posing a threat to the life and safety of citizens (Art.207¹)
  • Public dissemination of knowingly false socially significant information, which entailed grave consequences (Article 207²)
  • Calls for riots or participation in them, as well as calls for violence against citizens (part 3 of article 212)
  • Hooliganism (part 1 of article 213)
  • Vandalism (Art. 214)
  • Decommissioning of life support facilities (part 1 and part 2 of article 215²)
  • Unlawful entry into a guarded object (Art.215⁴)
  • Illegal handling of nuclear materials or radioactive substances (part 1 and part 2 of article 220)
  • Theft or extortion of nuclear materials or radioactive substances (part 1 of article 221)
  • Illegal acquisition, transfer, sale, storage, transportation or carrying of weapons, its main parts, ammunition (part 1 of article 222)
  • Illegal acquisition, transfer, sale, storage, transportation or carrying of explosives or explosive devices (part 1 of article 222¹)
  • Illegal manufacture of weapons (Article 223)
  • Negligent possession of firearms (Article 224)

Crimes against public health and public morals

  • Illegal acquisition, storage, transportation, manufacture, processing of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or their analogues, as well as illegal acquisition, storage, transportation of plants containing narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, or their parts containing narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances (part 1 Article 228)
  • Illegal acquisition, storage or transportation of precursors of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, as well as illegal acquisition, storage or transportation of plants containing precursors of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, or their parts containing precursors of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances (Article 228³)
  • Illegal production, sale or shipment of precursors of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, as well as illegal sale or shipment of plants containing precursors of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, or their parts containing precursors of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances (Part 1 of Art.228⁴)
  • Induction to the consumption of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or their analogs (part 1 of article 230)
  • Illegal cultivation of plants containing narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances or their precursors (part 1 of article 231)
  • Organization or maintenance of dens or the systematic provision of premises for the consumption of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or their analogues (part 1 of article 232)
  • Illegal issuance or falsification of prescriptions or other documents giving the right to receive narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances (Article 233)
  • Illegal circulation of strong or poisonous substances for marketing purposes (part 1 and part 2 of article 234)
  • Illegal implementation of medical activity or pharmaceutical activity (Article 235)
  • Illegal production of medicines and medical devices (part 1 of article 235¹)
  • Circulation of counterfeit, substandard and unregistered drugs, medical devices and circulation of counterfeit dietary supplements (part 1 of Art.238¹)
  • Creation of a non-profit organization that infringes upon the personality and rights of citizens (Article 239)
  • Involvement in prostitution (part 1 of article 240)
  • Receiving sexual services from a minor (Art.240¹)
  • Organization of prostitution (part 1 of article 241)
  • Illegal production and circulation of pornographic materials or objects (part 1 and part 2 of article 242)
  • Destruction or damage of cultural heritage objects (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation included in the unified state register of cultural heritage objects (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation, identified cultural heritage objects, natural complexes, objects taken under state protection, or cultural values (part 1 of article 243)
  • Illegal search and (or) removal of archaeological objects from the places of occurrence (part 1 and part 2 of article 243²)
  • Destruction or damage of military graves, as well as monuments, steles, obelisks, other memorial structures or objects that perpetuate the memory of those killed in the defense of the Fatherland or its interests, or dedicated to the days of military glory of Russia (Article 243⁴)
  • Desecration of the bodies of the dead and the places of their burial (Article 244)
  • Cruelty to animals (Article 245)

Environmental crimes

  • Water pollution (Art. 250)
  • Air pollution (art. 251)
  • Pollution of the marine environment (Art. 252)
  • Violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the continental shelf and on the exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation (Article 253)
  • Damage to the earth (v. 254)
  • Violation of the rules for the protection and use of mineral resources (Article 255)
  • Illegal extraction (catch) of aquatic biological resources (Art. 256)
  • Violation of the rules for the protection of aquatic biological resources (Article 257)
  • Illegal hunting (art. 258)
  • Illegal extraction and circulation of especially valuable wild animals and aquatic biological resources belonging to the species included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation and (or) protected by international treaties of the Russian Federation (part 1 and part 1¹ of article 258¹)
  • Destruction of critical habitats for organisms listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation (Article 259)
  • Illegal felling of forest plantations (parts 1 and 2 of article 260)
  • Destruction or damage of forest plantations (i. 1 and part 2 of article 261)
  • Violation of the regime of specially protected natural areas and natural objects (Article 262)

Crimes against traffic safety and transport operation

  • Violation of the rules of the road and the operation of vehicles (part 1, part 2, part 3, part 5 of article 264)
  • Destruction of vehicles or means of communication (Article 267)
  • Committing hooligan motives of actions that threaten the safe operation of vehicles (Art.267¹)
  • Violation of the rules ensuring the safe operation of transport (Article 268)

Crimes in the field of computer information

  • Unlawful access to computer information (part 1, part 2 and part 3 of article 272)
  • Creation, use and distribution of malicious computer programs (part 1 and part 2 of article 273)
  • Violation of the rules of operation of means of storage, processing or transmission of computer information and information and telecommunication networks (Art.274)
  • Unlawful impact on the critical information infrastructure of the Russian Federation (part 1 of article 274¹)

Crimes against the foundations of the constitutional system and state security

  • Public calls for extremist activities (Article 280)
  • Public calls for the implementation of actions aimed at violating the territorial integrity of the Russian Federation (Art.280¹)
  • Incitement to hatred or enmity, as well as humiliation of human dignity (part 1 of article 282)
  • Disclosure of state secrets (part 1 of article 283)
  • Unlawful receipt of information constituting a state secret (part 1 of article 283¹)
  • Loss of documents containing state secrets (Article 284)

Crimes against state power, interests of civil service and service in local government

  • Taking a bribe (part 1 of article 290)
  • Giving a bribe (part 1 and part 2 of article 291)
  • Mediation in bribery (part 1 of article 291¹)
  • Petty bribery (art. 291²)

Crimes against justice

  • Obstruction of justice and preliminary investigation (Art.294)
  • Threat or violent actions in connection with the administration of justice or the production of preliminary investigation (part 1, part 2 and part 3 of article 296)
  • Disrespect for the court (Art. 297)
  • Defamation against a judge, juror, prosecutor, investigator, person conducting an inquiry, an employee of the compulsory enforcement bodies of the Russian Federation (Article 298¹)
  • Coercion to testify (part 1 of article 302)
  • Knowingly false denunciation (part 1 and part 2 of article 306)
  • Knowingly false testimony, expert opinion, specialist or incorrect translation (Article 307)
  • Refusal of witness or victim to testify (Article 308)
  • Bribery or coercion to testify or evade testimony or to incorrect translation (part 1, part 2 and part 3 of article 309)
  • Disclosure of data from preliminary investigation (Art. 310)
  • Concealment of crimes (Art. 316)

Administrative offenses

  • Use of violence against a government official (part 1 of article 318)
  • Insulting a representative of the authorities (Article 319)
  • Disclosure of information on security measures applied to an official of a law enforcement or regulatory body (Article 320)
  • Illegal crossing of the state border of the Russian Federation (part 1 of article 322)
  • Organization of illegal migration (part 1 of article 322¹)
  • Fictitious registration of a citizen of the Russian Federation at the place of stay or at the place of residence in a residential building in the Russian Federation and fictitious registration of a foreign citizen or stateless person at the place of residence in a residential building in the Russian Federation (Art. 322²)
  • Illegal change of the State border of the Russian Federation (Art. 323)
  • Purchase or sale of official documents and state awards (Article 324)
  • Theft or damage to documents, stamps, seals or theft of excise stamps, special stamps or conformity marks (Article 325)
  • Unlawful seizure of the state registration plate of a vehicle (Art. 325¹)
  • Forgery or destruction of the vehicle identification number (Article 326)
  • Forgery, manufacture or circulation of forged documents, state awards, stamps, seals or letterheads (Art. 327)
  • Production, sale or use of counterfeit excise stamps, special stamps or marks of conformity (part 1 and part 2 of article 327¹)
  • Forgery of documents for medicines or medical devices or packaging of medicines or medical devices (Part 1 and Part 2 of Art. 327²)
  • Desecration of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation or the State Flag of the Russian Federation (Article 329)
  • Arbitrariness (Article 330)
  • Malicious evasion of duties defined by the legislation of the Russian Federation on non-profit organizations performing the functions of a foreign agent (Art. 330¹)
  • Failure to comply with the obligation to submit a notification that a citizen of the Russian Federation has citizenship (nationality) of a foreign state or a residence permit or other valid document confirming the right to his permanent residence in a foreign state (Art. 330²)

Crimes against the peace and security of mankind

  • Public calls to unleash an aggressive war (Article 354)
  • Rehabilitation of Nazism (Article 354¹)
  • (c)MEDUZA 2020

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